The Great Pause
By Jack Kelley
Surely you have heard about the administration
(dispensation) of God’s grace that was given to me for you, that is, the
mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written
briefly. (Ephesians 3:2-3)
One of the most difficult things for someone
unfamiliar with dispensational theology to understand is why Israel
needs to exist at all in the last days, let alone rebuild their Temple.
A recent discussion with a theology professor from a well known West
Coast Christian school made this clear.
We were talking about our respective views of the
End Times. When I mentioned the coming Temple and Israel’s re-awakening
into their Old Covenant relationship, he looked at me like I was from
another planet. He graduated from one of the main line denominational
seminaries where he had been immersed in liberal theology, so what
little he knows about the end times is all allegorical. He had never
been taught anything like what I was saying.
Why on Earth, he asked, would God bring Israel
back when the Church has replaced Israel in His eyes? And even if He
did, why would He bring them into an Old Covenant relationship when He’s
told the Church that since the cross the Old Covenant no longer applies?
Most Christians can’t answer these questions, and
even among those who take the Bible literally, many can only say,
“Because the Bible says so.” They can’t explain why it says so.
It’s only when you understand that the Age of
Grace didn’t end the Age of Law, but only interrupted it seven years
short of its allotted time, that it all becomes clear. Here’s what
Near the end of the Babylonian captivity the Angel
Gabriel told Daniel that Israel was being given 490 years to complete 6
“Seventy ’sevens’ (490 years) are decreed for your
people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin,
to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal
up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy (place). (Daniel
When the Lord was crucified, 483 of those years
had passed. Remember, that’s why the disciples were astonished when He
told them the Temple would soon be destroyed (Matt. 24:2). It’s also
why, 40 days after the Resurrection, they asked if He was was going to
restore the Kingdom to Israel now. (Acts 1:6) They thought they were
only 7 years away from the Kingdom Age. Ten days later, on Pentecost,
the indeterminate Age of the Church began, with the Age of Law still 7
years short of its prophesied end.
After 20 years had passed the Lord’s half-brother
James, who was the head of the Church in Jerusalem at the time,
explained that Israel had been set aside while the Lord took from among
the Gentiles a people for Himself (the Church). After that he would turn
again to Israel and pick up where He had left off (Acts 15:13-18). About
18 years after that the Temple was destroyed and has never been rebuilt.
In 135 AD the nation ceased to exist in any form. The Roman Emperor
Hadrian destroyed what was left of Jerusalem, built a new city called
Aelia Capitolina on its ruins, and forbade any Jew from entering it. But
the Lord’s promise still stands. As soon as He has taken the Church,
He’ll turn again to Israel to complete the last 7 years of the Age of
These facts from both the Bible and history
completely undermine any arguments for the validity of replacement
theology. They explain why Israel has to exist in the End Times and why
the Jews will need a Temple.
The Great Pause...
While Pentecost was the
official beginning of the Age of Grace, it didn’t signal the end of the
Age of Law, as so many in the Church wrongly assume. It was only
a Great Pause while the Lord pursued His Church, something He intended
to do all along, but had only divulged in a general way in the past.
Speaking to His Messiah, the Lord said, “It is too
small a thing for you to be my servant to restore the tribes of Jacob
and bring back those of Israel I have kept. I will also make you a light
for the Gentiles, that you may bring my salvation to the ends of the
earth.” (Isaiah 49:6)
When you understand the Great Pause, lots of other
things fall into place. We’ve already discussed the re-birth of the
Nation and the re-built Temple. Israel had to be re-born and will have
to become a covenant people again in order to complete their final 7
years. This is what makes their re-birth such a powerful sign that the
Great Pause is about to end. The only reason for Israel to exist again
is to complete the 7 years remaining in the Age of Law. It also explains
the return to animal sacrifice during this time. This is the way things
were before the Great Pause began, and the way they’ll have to be after
it ends. Although people have always been saved by faith, during the Age
of Law their faith has to be evidenced by obedience to the Law.
Understanding the Great
Pause also helps us see why the Rapture of the Church has to precede the
final 7 years. The purpose of the Great Pause is so the Lord can take
from among the Gentiles a people for Himself. The Greek word
translated “take” in Acts 15:14 is lambano. A look at the primary
meanings of lambano reveals that the intent of the word is to describe
one who takes something for the purpose of carrying it away. Once the
church is complete the Lord will carry us away before turning again to
Israel. This is consistent with Paul’s statement in Romans 11:25 that
Israel has experienced a partial blindness until the full number of
Gentiles has come in. The phrase “come in” means to arrive at one’s
destination, as when a ship has “come in”. According to John 14:2-3 our
destination is Heaven. Once the church has been carried away to its
destination in Heaven the blinders will fall from Israel’s eyes, the
Great Pause will come to an end, and Israel will complete its final
The Rapture has to happen
before Daniel’s 70th Week can begin, because the 70th Week is all about
Israel. It’s their final opportunity to be reconciled to God
through the Messiah and prepare for the Kingdom He promised them so long
ago. 2500 years before the fact, Zechariah prophesied that this would
take place near the end of the 70th Week.
“And I will pour out on the house of David and the
inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will
look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as
one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves
for a firstborn son.” (Zech. 12:10)
Paul confirmed this and said it would happen after
I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery,
brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a
hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. And
so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The deliverer will come
from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob. And this is my
covenant with them when I take away their sins.” (Romans 11:25-27)
And the Great Pause explains why post rapture
salvation will be like it was in Old Testament times. The only
difference is post rapture believers will be looking back to the cross
whereas Old Testament believers looked forward to it. Speaking of the
time when taking the mark of the beast will be required of everyone on
Earth, the Lord said, “This calls for patient endurance on the part of
the saints who obey God’s commandments and remain faithful to Jesus.”
(Rev. 14:12) Again, people have always been saved by faith, but during
the Age of Law their faith has to be evidenced by obedience to the Law.
It also explains why the 144,000 servants of God
have to be sealed before undertaking their mission. (Rev. 7:3) If the
church was still here they would be sealed just the way we are. But
during the Age of Law believers were not, nor will they be, sealed with
the Holy Spirit as a guarantee of their inheritance as we are (Ephes.
1:13-14). The 144,000 is the only group in the post rapture world that
is described as being sealed. By the way, some scholars believe this
means only the 144,000 will be supernaturally protected from the demonic
locusts spoken of in Rev. 9.
I Can See Clearly Now...
I could go on, but I think you get the idea. No
other system of theology explains God’s overarching plan as succinctly
as dispensationalism. None gives us such a clear understanding of the
connection between events before Pentecost and those after the Rapture.
No other one helps us see the “why” behind the “what” described in the
Bible. None other so vividly demonstrates the
absolutely unique nature of the church, while maintaining the integrity
of God’s promises to Israel. And best of all it does so in a
manner consistent with the literal, historical, grammatical
interpretation of His Word.
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